Glossary of Assessment Terms

Assessment: At Connors State College, the process of collecting both direct and indirect evidence of student achievement in and out of the classroom, analyzing the evidence, and taking action in order to improve student learning everywhere on campus.

Direct assessment: Assessment approaches that tell “what” the students have learned.

Indirect assessment: Assessment approaches that tell “why” student have or have not learned.


Direct Assessments:

  • Embedded assessment
  • Assignments
  • Questions
  • Tests
  • Projects
  • Portfolios
  • Pre-Post tests
  • Student recitals, exhibitions, and performances
  • Capstone Courses
  • CAAP Tests
Indirect Assessments:

  • Course Grades
  • Surveys
  • Interviews
  • Student Evaluations of faculty
  • Focus Groups



External influences: Any individual, group of individuals, or entity from outside the institution that has a governing, accrediting, or personal interest in and that has some power to impact the institution.


Internal influences: Any individual or group within the institution that has personal interest in and has some power to impact the institution.

External Influences:

  • OSU A & M Board of Regents
  • NCA/Higher Learning Commission
  • Licensing Boards
  • Parents
  • Employers
  • Other institutions
Internal Influences:

  • Students
  • Faculty
  • Staff
  • Administration


Stakeholder: A person, group, organization or system who affects or can be affected by an organization’s actions. A stakeholder is one who defines oneself as such.